Diversity and Difference
The Dean of Students Office Recognizes Important Events in June
Tulsa Riots: The Destruction of "Black Wall Street"
June 1st marks ninety-three years since as many as 300 African Americans lost their lives and more than 9,000 were left homeless when the small town was attacked, looted and literally burned to the ground beginning in 1921. It's impossible, however, to realize what was lost in Greenwood, which was affectionately known as "Black Wall Street.
The Tulsa Race Riot was a large-scale, racially motivated conflict on May 31 and June 1, 1921, in which whites attacked the black community of Tulsa, Oklahoma. It resulted in the Greenwood District, also known as Black Wall Street' and the wealthiest black community in the United States, being burned to the ground. During the night and day of the riot, deputized whites killed more than 300 African Americans. During the 16 hours of the assault, police arrested and detained more than 6,000 black Greenwood residents at three local facilities, in part for their protection. An estimated 10,000 blacks were left homeless, and 35 city blocks composed of 1,256 residences were destroyed by fire.
The events of the riot were long omitted from local and state histories. In 1996, the state legislature commissioned a report to establish the historical record of the events, and acknowledge the victims and damages to the black community.
Check it out!
Survivors and Decendants Recall the Riots
Black Wall Street - Tulsa, Oklahoma (Documentary)
Shavuot is the Hebrew name for the Jewish Feast of Weeks. In Greek it is called Pentecost, because it takes place 50 days after Passover (for its relation to the Christian celebration of Pentecost, see June 8). This Jewish festival commemorates the giving of the Ten Commandments at Mount Sinai and celebrates the harvest season in Israel.
Swedish National Day
Since 1983, June 6th commemorates the date on which Gustav Vasa was crowned king in 1523, which laid the foundation of Sweden as an independent state, and on which a new, important constitution was adopted in 1809. The day was made an official public holiday in 2005 and replaced the Whit Monday.
There have been some people who have questioned the logic of celebrating this day as the national day because of the fact that it was not celebrated for several decades. However, it marks the conclusion of the Kalmar Union, ruled by the Danish, and in a way signals Swedish independence.
Juneteenth is the oldest nationally celebrated commemoration of the ending of slavery in the United States. Juneteenth commemorates African American freedom and emphasizes education and achievement. It is a time for reflection and rejoicing. It is a time for assessment, self-improvement and for planning the future. In cities across the country, people of all races, nationalities and religions are joining hands to truthfully acknowledge a period in our history that shaped and continues to influence our society today.
Boston Events for Juneteenth!
World Refugee Day
There are approximately 45 million displaced people in the world today, forced from their homes by war, persecution, famine, or natural disaster. The United Nations General Assembly in Resolution 55/76 decided that, beginning in 2001, this date would be celebrated as World Refugee Day This occasion respects the bravery, power and strength of mind of women, men and children who are required to flee their mother country under danger of discrimination, clash and aggression. The day is devoted to lift up consciousness of the state of affairs of expatriates all through the world.
African Refugee Day had been formally celebrated in several countries prior to 2001. The UN noted that the Organization of African Unity (OAU) had agreed to have International Refugee Day coincide with Africa Refugee Day on 20 June. In the Roman Catholic Church, the World Day of Migrants and Refugees is celebrated in January each year
Dia de San Juan (Puerto Rico)
Since John the Baptist is the patron saint of the Puerto Rico and the namesake of the capital city (San Juan), his saint's day is widely celebrated by big parties on the beaches on the Eve of the holiday. One tradition is to walk backward into the ocean and fall in 12 times at midnight on the beginning of the 24th.
Multiculturalism Day (Canada)
Canadian Multiculturalism day was founded in 2002 by then-Prime Minister Jean Chretien, who designated June 27th of each year for the occasion. Canadian Multiculturalism Day is an opportunity to reflect on both the contributions of Canada's various cultural communities and the values that we all share: freedom, democracy, individual rights and the rule of law.
Stonewall Rebellion Day
This day commemorates the 1969 riots that occurred between police and members of the GLBT community in Greenwich Village. The Stonewall riots inspired LGBT people throughout the country to organize in support of gay rights, and within two years after the riots, gay rights groups had been started in nearly every major city in the United States.
"Before Stonewall - Gay Life Before the 1969
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim calendar. Ramadan is a time when Muslims concentrate on their faith and spend less time on the concerns of their everyday lives. It is a time of worship and contemplation.
During the Fast of Ramadan strict restraints are placed on the daily lives of Muslims. They are not allowed to eat or drink during the daylight hours. Smoking and sexual relations are also forbidden during fasting. At the end of the day the fast is broken with prayer and a meal called the iftar. In the evening following the iftar it is customary for Muslims to go out visiting family and friends. The fast is resumed the next morning.
During Ramadan, it is common for Muslims to go to the Mosque and spend several hours praying and studying the Quran. In addition to the five daily prayers, during Ramadan Muslims recite a special prayer called the Taraweeh prayer (Night Prayer). The length of this prayer is usually 2-3 times as long as the daily prayers. Some Muslims spend the entire night in prayer.
On the evening of the either the 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th day of the month, Muslims celebrate the Laylat-al-Qadr (the Night of Power). It is believed that on this night Muhammad first received the revelation of the Holy Quran. And according to the Quran, this is when God determines the course of the world for the following year.
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